Such curves appear in many kōlam designs (Ascher 2002a). By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A few designs may be traced to the Jain temples of South Kanara and at least one to Mahayana Buddhism…in Tamil literature the use of the word kōlam for drawing patterns on the floor is met with for the first time in a Kuravanji called Madurai Meenatchiammai Kuram and a little later in Kutrala Kuravanji. The sun, moon and other zodiac symbols were also used. The kōlam acts as a visual device to remember and ask for forgiveness for walking, stepping and burdening her (Nagarajan 1998a, 1998b, Nelson). In the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, kolam is a traditional practice that defines the culture in the form of a visual map made using the basic elements of design – dots and lines. Modern interpretations have accommodated chalk, and more recently vinyl stickers. ... One of the kolam with deep meaning was Geetha’s “Sikku” kolam. 6. It is held to honor the Sun, for a bountiful harvest. Lord Ganesha, the lord of prosperity and luck may bless you. Elements like lotus, conch, lamp, etc are used in this Kolam. Now instead of rice powder stone powder is in use. Most of the times, these patterns together end up becoming a complex pattern. Until the tithi (date) of the death ceremony arrives the next year, no Kōlam is supposed to be made since it is the mourning period. Kōlam is also more geometrical and involves an intrinsic mathematical aptitude as compared to Rangoli or other popular floor art traditions. In olden days, kolams were drawn in coarse rice flour, so the ants would not have to walk too far or too long for a meal. For the variety of rice, see, "Traditional customs and practices - Kolams", "Rangoli Kolam- Designs and Samples of Rangoli Kolam", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kolam&oldid=991345976, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, a pattern in which a stroke (Neli, Kambi, Sikku in. Kolam (Tamil: கோலம்), or also known as Muggu (Telugu: ముగ్గు)is a form of drawing that is drawn by using rice flour, chalk, chalk powder or rock powder, often using naturally or synthetically colored powders, in Sri Lanka, the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and some parts of Goa, Maharashtra as well as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and a few other Asian countries. Related News •    Kōlam on Deepawali: Usually a big Kōlam is made with rice powder along with Kaavi (brick red powder, used as a border for enclosing the Kolam, believed to prevent evil spirits from entering the house), Yellow Mud or other powdered ingredients. Interestingly, the kōlam is also drawn to banish the evil: Mūdevī, Lakshmi’s sister, believed be a fore bringer of poverty, illness, laziness, sleep, and ill luck (Nagarajan 2012). Three commonly consumed Indian rice varieties (Sona Masuri, Ponni and Surti Kolam) were tested for their glycaemic index (GI). When Tamil women are asked why they perform this daily ritual of drawing the kōlam, they give various reasons. The designs are geometric and symmetrical मूल्यतः shapes but the materials used are similar rangoli: powdered quartz, rice flour or slurry is used. In some cultures, cow dung is believed to have antiseptic properties and hence provides a literal threshold of protection for the home. A circle represented nature while a square represented culture. A symbol of auspiciousness and divinity, kōlam is made with rice flour, finely ground rice powder /paste (called kola-podi in Tamil ) or at times vegetable and mineral based coloured powders on carefully swept grounds (revered as Bhudevi or Mother Earth). Kōlam patterns have been referred to as  labyrinth ritual (Layard 1937), ethomathematics( Ascher 1991), as materialisation and embodiment of rhythms (Laine 2013), visual ethnographs, infographics ( Abraham and Chacko 2017) and as designs overlapping narration, metaphor, philosophy, religion and community culture by different researchers. [2] More complex Kolams are drawn and colors are often added during holiday occasions and special events. Know The Significance of Pongal Kolam. In Tamil literature, such as the Tiruppāvai (sacred poetic songs by Āntāl) and the Tirumoli by Nācciyār, the word ‘mandala’ is used as a reference to women’s ritual art (Cutler 1979; Dehejia 1990). Anni Kumari is a visual artist, art educator and independent researcher based in Delhi. It used to be a matter of pride to be able to draw large complicated patterns without lifting the hand off the floor or standing up in between. Besides these, other  ritual art forms like mandalas and yantras are performed in highly ritualized contexts such as in building temples and houses rather than everyday life (Hudson 2008; Tucci 1973). For special occasions limestone and red brick powder to contrast are also used. Open-ended lines 4. In the olden days, the motifs were drawn in rice flour or made with edible grains for ants, birds or other small creatures. It is observed that line thickness varies from thin, thick, single, double, triple or multiple lines to dotted, dashed and thick-thin lines, which are lines with different frequencies. He pointed out in his article in the Kalakshetra Quarterly (Siromoney 1978:9-14 ) that : Contrary to popular belief, the common threshold patterns are not very ancient. The patterns range between geometric and mathematical line drawings around a matrix of dots to free form art work and closed shapes. Unless otherwise specified, all content is made available under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 Licence, though additional terms may apply. Some of the contemporary inclusion in kōlam copy books include secular motifs, such as aeroplanes, sofas, chariots, dolls, toys, butterflies, elephants, Disney characters (Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, and Donald Duck) and even Santa Claus. Our Kolam Variety is light in weight and easy to digest aromatic rice. Interestingly, although these various women’s ritual drawings created in different regions of the country have much in common, in terms of purpose, intention and symbolic value, the design patterns are distinctive to each region, place and community. 4. Lord Ganesha, the lord of prosperity and luck may bless you. Meaning of kolam |Margali matha kolam - Duration: 3:24 ... செய்முறை. kolam Find more words! A typical indoor kolam: Two patterns for kolam: Thai Pongal in Eelam The practice of decorating the floor may go back to about six hundred years and not more. Folklore has evolved to mandate that the lines must be completed so as to symbolically prevent evil spirits from entering the inside of the shapes, and thus are they prevented from entering the inside of the home. 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